Press "Enter" to skip to content

How Does Fiber Optics Work?

How Does Fiber Optics Work?

Fiber optics has definitely made an impact on society – and one often finds himself asking: How does fiber optics work? What makes it work so efficiently? What is the theory behind the amazing technology?

Definitely, the wide variety of applications this fiber optics has influences the ordinary individuals up to the big time companies, i.e., from an individual’s life activities to the companies business activities. Everyone is truly affected by the fiber optic innovation.

Just how does fiber optics work? Let us start by identifying the major parts of an optical fiber:
a.) Core
b.) Cladding
c.) Buffer Coating

The thin glass center where the light travels is called the core. The cladding is the outer material that surrounds the thin glass center and acts by reflecting the light back into the core. The plastic coating that acts as a protective cover for the core and the cladding prevents damage to it and keeps moisture out.

Now to the general question: “how does fiber optics work?” – It works pretty much the same way light travels and works on the idea of reflection – as how we observe normal light to be. First and foremost, light travels on fiber optics – passing through the fiber optic core. The light is controlled by the cladding material, which keeps the light waves going at great distances by reflection technique. The light signal only degrades when there are impurities in the core – and thus the importance of the purity of the glass.

In terms of its components, how does fiber optics work? Below are the components of a fiber optic system:
a.) transmitter
b.) fiber optic
c.) optical generator
d.) optical receiver

The optical transmitter produces the light signal and sends it to the other end. The fiber optic material is the means of getting the light to travel from one point to the destination point. Optical regenerators are used to boost the light signal. Optical receivers receive the sent light signal from the other end.

Lastly, how does fiber optics work, in relation to its type? Fiber optics has two types: a.) Single-mode fibers, and b.) Multi-mode fibers. The first type has a small core and makes use of infrared laser light during the transmission. The second type has a larger core and makes use of LEDs or light emitting diodes.

Fiber optics has many advantages over the other types of communication lines. Not only does it have more bandwidth to accommodate large amount of data, it is less susceptible to interference. With this innovation, one can only stand at awe on the amazing works this fiber optic technology brings.